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INFO: XSLT: namespaces

Applies To:
eWebEditPro
Summary:

Managing namespaces in XSLT can be confusing. A namespace declaration in the source XML document can cause the match statements in your templates to fail (see XSLT: XPath select statements do not match XML or XHTML with a default namespace). Despite the possible problems they can cause, they are important. In fact, when mixing two or more schemas in a single document, they can be essential. For instance, say you wish to use XML tags from a proprietary schema, XHTML, and Dublin Core. To avoid confusion, the tags from the proprietary schema and Dublin Core should have a namespace prefix. For best results in eWebEditPro+XML, it is recommended that standard XHTML tags to not have a namespace prefix.

To eliminate unneeded and unwanted namespace declarations (that is, namespace nodes) from the output of an XSLT, apply the principles listed below. See also, XSLT: Indentity templates: namespace nodes.

  • Avoid using xsl:copy and instead write templates that explicitly create the element.

<xsl:template match="*">
<xsl:element name="{name()}">
<xsl:apply-templates select="@*|node()"/>
</xsl:element>
</xsl:template>

  • Exclude result prefixes of namespaces declared in the XSLT.

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform" xmlns:xlf="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:document:1.1"
exclude-result-prefixes="xlf">

More Resources:

XSLT: XPath select statements do not match XML or XHTML with a default namespace

XSLT: Identity templates

More KB articles on XSLT